Private guides and guided tours in Bosnia & Herzegovina
Private guides in Bosnia & Herzegovina
I have finished a course for Tourist guides in my country and started working as Freelance tour guide during my studies at Sarajevo University. Even though I am graduated Economist, guiding is what I love to do. I am 28 years old now and have been a guide since I was 20. Apart from being a guide I have worked in marketing,event management and aviation.I am very good in communication and a person who is always smiling.Marketing is also one of my passions. Event management is one of the jobs I did online and on my own.
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Currency: Kuna (HRK)
Guide Licensing Information
CAPITAL CITY OF Bosnia & Herzegovina: Sarajevo
LANGUAGE OF Bosnia & Herzegovina: Bosnian
CURRENCY OF Bosnia & Herzegovina: Kuna (HRK)
COMMENTS ABOUT Bosnia & Herzegovina:
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a Balkan country in Southern Europe that was formerly part of Yugoslavia.
Cities : Sarajevo (capital), Zenica, Banja Luka, Gorazde, Mostar, Milici, Tuzla, Medjugorje, Fojnica
Best Places : Bosnian Pyramid of The Sun, Neum, Srebrenica, Igman ski resort, Jahorina Ski Resort, Bjelasnica Ski Resort, Lukomir
Electricity : 220V/50Hz (European plug)
Calling Code : +387
Time Zone : UTC+1
Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991, was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Agreement retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a joint multi-ethnic and democratic government. This national government was charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government comprised of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments were charged with overseeing most government functions. The Office of the High Representative (OHR) was established to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission was to deter renewed hostilities. European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR in December 2004; their mission was to maintain peace and stability throughout the country.
CLIMATE OF Bosnia & Herzegovina: Hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast
RELIGION OF Bosnia & Herzegovina: Muslim 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, Protestant 4%, other 10%
POPULATION OF Bosnia & Herzegovina: 4,007,608 (July 2004 est.)>
ECONOMY OVERVIEW OF Bosnia & Herzegovina: Bosnia and Herzegovina ranked next to The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia as the poorest republic in the old Yugoslav federation. Although agriculture is almost all in private hands, farms are small and inefficient, and the republic traditionally is a net importer of food. Industry has been greatly overstaffed, one reflection of the socialist economic structure of Yugoslavia. TITO had pushed the development of military industries in the republic with the result that Bosnia hosted a number of Yugoslavia's defense plants. The interethnic warfare in Bosnia caused production to plummet by 80% from 1992 to 1995 and unemployment to soar. With an uneasy peace in place, output recovered in 1996-99 at high percentage rates from a low base; but output growth slowed in 2000-02. Part of the lag in output was made up in 2003-04. National-level statistics are limited. Moreover, official data do not capture the large share of black market activity. The konvertibilna marka (convertible mark or BAM)- the national currency introduced in 1998 - is now pegged to the euro, and the Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina has dramatically increased its reserve holdings. Implementation of privatization, however, has been slow, and local entities only reluctantly support national-level institutions. Banking reform accelerated in 2001 as all the Communist-era payments bureaus were shut down. The country receives substantial amounts of reconstruction assistance and humanitarian aid from the international community but will have to prepare for an era of declining assistance.
Guide Licensing Information for Bosnia & Herzegovina
Due to the increase in the number of tourists visiting Bosnia and Herzegovina every year, the country is experiencing a small boom in tourist related services, including guiding. It is relatively easy to find a guide in the most popular places around the county these days. However, only a small number of these guides have an actual license. Even if the guide claims to be licensed in his or her advertisements, this doesn`t necessarily mean that they possess a valid license. So when contacting a tour guide, make sure to ask them to provide a copy of their license, which they are obliged to carry all the time when conducting tours.
Guiding licenses are issued by the Ministry of Economy after passing a set of tests. Solicitors may enroll in special courses or try to pass the test if they have relevant diplomas in tourism, culture, history or arts relating to the area they look forward to servicing. The license should carry the authentic stamp of the Ministry of Economy and the entire guide's personal information. The potential guide should address local authorities of the canton he's willing to work in, since Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation. Not carrying a license when asked by the police usually results in a substantial fine. However, due to the strong presence of shadow economy "wild" guides make up the larger part of the market, and you may even be suggested to use their services by official Info Centers, hotels and even authorities.